What are plantar warts? Why do they appear? Do some people predispose to warts? What treatments are effective? Let’s focus on these small growths that have such a bad reputation…
Warts are usually small and rough growths which appear on the surface layer of the skin, the epidermis. These small benign tumors of viral origin are usually measured only a few millimeters. Both warts and cervical cancer of the uterus, are the result of infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) which is introduced in the skin through a micro-wound. Once infected, your immune system is able to control the virus, or it takes over and causes the proliferation of epithelial cells causing the wart. In the minds of people, warts are often associated with a lack of hygiene. However, remember that nobody is safe from this infection.
Warts are often more common in children but can however develop at any age.
Plantar warts are, as their name say, located on the feet but can also be located on the toes or on the foot top. How to detect them (it’s very simple): they are often rough, slightly flattened and have a well-defined outline area dotted with small black dots in the center. Usually painless, they can become painful to walk. Generally, they are very contagious. The virus is transmitted by direct contact (touching) or indirect (shoes, socks, walking on contaminated soil …). The virus is very active in the hot and humid places (pools, saunas, showers or changing rooms). It was also shown that people with excessive sweating are very prone to such infections.
How to treat plantar warts? What is the best way to rid of them?
Most warts disappear spontaneously though this process is long (between 1 and 2 years) and depends on the effectiveness of your immune system against this virus. However, we often suffer from discomfort and pain this kind of warts is causing. Unfortunately, among all the warts, the plantar warts are often the most hard to treat due to their resistance to treatments.
Here is a list of the most common treatments used against plantar warts:
• Wartrol. It is a homeopathic medicine which is totally safe and very succesful in treating all kinds of warts.
• Preparations containing salicylic acid: (cream and so on) which effect is comparable to that of a burning or peeling, it helps to weaken the surface of the skin to remove affected layers. It takes you between 2 and 4 weeks to treat warts. Some products are sold without a prescription but you should follow the instructions to avoid burning healthy area. Other products such as cantharidin, formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, retinoic acid, trichloroacetic acid or 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) are also used.
• Cryotherapy: It’s quite painful to burn the wart by freezing it with nitrogen liquid (temperature -196 ° C). This treatment usually requires several sessions. You’ll need to visit a dermatologist, empowered to handle liquid nitrogen. There are also techniques which can “burn” the wart in trade, but they are less radical.
• Surgery: performed by a doctor under local anesthesia, it involves direct excision (removal) of the wart, its destruction by electrocoagulation (extraction using electrocautery) or by the application of a laser on the contacted surface. These techniques generally painful and leave a scar on the affected area.
• The injection of bleomycin (substance fighting against the proliferation of cells) or interferon (substances struggling against viral infections) directly into the wart may also be used, but remember that warts may come back again.