Genital Warts – What are They?
Genital warts are located on the genital or anal area, and are part of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Warts are usually benign skin growths. They can be placed in different parts of the body:
– on the face,
– on the hands,
– on the feet
– on the scalp,
– around the mouth and on the tongue,
– on the genitals.
Genital Warts: caused by human papilloma virus.
The genital wart is also called condyloma or genital or venereal vegetation cockscomb.
The wart is caused by a virus named human papilloma virus (HPV). The genital wart is the physical manifestation of HPV infection.
HPV is extremely common in the population according to some studies, the risk of one day infection is 80% to 85% among sexually active people.
The virus can be contracted easily. Most of the time, infection with HPV virus:
- causes no symptoms,
- is temporary.
Good to know: The types of HPV responsible for genital warts are HPV 6 and 11.
- Contamination of genital warts: risk factors
- Most often you can catch genital warts through unprotected sex.
But it is possible to infect your partner without knowing it:
- HPV virus has an incubation period that can last up to 3 months
- consequence of contamination is not necessarily because of the current partner.
Important: Condoms do not provide complete protection against this virus. It is possible to be infected with it by touching the partner’s geitals with the mouth parts. Some also speak of transmission “handborne” (spread by hand).
The genital wart is usually visible to the naked eye:
– it is in the form of a pink plate (because highly vascularized) on a narrow base: its appearance actually looks like cockscomb or texture of cauliflower,
– its size varies, generally, does not exceed a few millimeters, but larger lesions are possible,
– similar to the skin color, it can also be pink, white or gray.
4 forms of genital wart
It can take different forms:
- condyloma: the genital wart classic form, cockscomb,
- papular warts: the flat aspect, white or rose,
- subclinical condyloma: we can detect that by applying a solution of acetic acid 5% makes whitish
- condyloma Buschke-Lowenstein: despite its impressive appearance, there is Benin.
Symptoms of genital warts
In the infected person, warts cause:
- bleeding during intercourse,
- burning sensations,
- itching or discomfort in the genital area.
In women, the infected areas are: the vulva, cervix, anus.
In humans, these areas are: the penis, scrotum and anus.